In the recent years, The General Awareness Section of the SSC & other Competitive exams have seen a pattern of questions about UNESCO  World Heritage sites being asked repeatedly. So it is important that you know these sites in India.

Introduction:

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as of special cultural or physical significance.

These are the 36 UNESCO World Heritage sites that have been recognised in India. India’s first 2 sites inscribed on the list in 1983 were the Agra Fort and the Ajanta Caves.

Natural World Heritage Sites:

S.NoSiteStateYear of NotificationArea (In Km 2 )
1Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh2014905.4
2Kaziranga National ParkAssam1985429.96
3Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan198528.73
4Manas Wildlife SanctuaryAssam1985391
5Nanda Devi National Park;
Valley of Flowers
Uttarakhand1982
2005
630
87.5
6Sunderbans National ParkWest Bengal19841330.1
7
Western GhatsMaharashtra,
Goa,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu &
Kerala
2012160000

Cultural World Heritage Sites:

S.NoSiteStateYear of Notification
1Agra FortUttar Pradesh1983
2Ajanta CavesMaharashtra1983
3Buddhist Monuments at SanchiMadhya Pradesh1989
4Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat2004
5Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus)Maharashtra2004
6Churches and Convents of GoaGoa1986
7Elephanta CavesMaharashtra1987
8Ellora CavesMaharashtra1983
9Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh1986
10Great Living Chola TemplesTamil Nadu1987
11Group of Monuments at HampiKarnataka1986
12Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramTamil Nadu1984
13Group of Monuments at PattadakalKarnataka1987
14Hill Forts of RajasthanRajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron)2013
15Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiDelhi1993
16Khajuraho Group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh1986
17Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar2002
18Mountain Railways of IndiaTamil Nadu1999
19Qutb Minar and its Monuments, DelhiDelhi1993
20Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, GujaratGujarat2014
21Red Fort ComplexDelhi2007
22Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh2003
23Sun Temple, KonarakOrissa1984
24Taj MahalUttar Pradesh1983
25The Jantar Mantar, JaipurRajasthan2010
26Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at NalandaBihar2016
27The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementChandigarh2016
28Historic City of AhmadabadGujarat2017

Mixed World Heritage Sites:

S.NoSiteStateYear of Notification
1Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim2016


    A Range of Mock Tests

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