Logical Reasoning Quiz for IBPS CLERK Mains and Syndicate PO – Set 06
This quiz has been specially coined for IBPS CLERK Mains and Syndicate PO Exams. Attempt and analyze your preparation so far!
LC - 06
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Question 1 of 10
1. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
P, Q, R, S and T are five cars which belong to different companies viz., Ford, Skoda, Renault, BMW and Mercedes, not necessarily in the same order. Cost of all the cars is different viz., 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 (in lacs), again not necessarily in the same order.
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest. Q belongs to Skoda. Car R is cheaper than car P. S belongs to neither Ford nor Renault. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car that belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Car which belongs to Mercedes is cheaper than the car which belongs to BMW. There are at least two cars, which are costlier than car S.
Which of the following cars is cheapest?
Correct
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of either Skoda or Ford is lowest.
Therefore, we can’t determine. Hence, option 5
Incorrect
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of either Skoda or Ford is lowest.
Therefore, we can’t determine. Hence, option 5
Question 2 of 10
2. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
P, Q, R, S and T are five cars which belong to different companies’ viz., Ford, Skoda, Renault, BMW and Mercedes, not necessarily in the same order. Cost of all the cars is different viz., 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 (in lacs), again not necessarily in the same order.
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest. Q belongs to Skoda. Car R is cheaper than car P. S belongs to neither Ford nor Renault. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car that belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Car which belongs to Mercedes is cheaper than the car which belongs to BMW. There are at least two cars, which are costlier than car S.
What is the difference between the cost of car T and the car which belongs to Mercedes?
Correct
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
The difference between the cost of car T and the car which belongs to Mercedes is 12 lacs.
Hence, option 2.
Incorrect
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
The difference between the cost of car T and the car which belongs to Mercedes is 12 lacs.
Hence, option 2.
Question 3 of 10
3. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
P, Q, R, S and T are five cars which belong to different companies viz., Ford, Skoda, Renault, BMW and Mercedes, not necessarily in the same order. Cost of all the cars is different viz., 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 (in lacs), again not necessarily in the same order.
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest. Q belongs to Skoda. Car R is cheaper than car P. S belongs to neither Ford nor Renault. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car that belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Car which belongs to Mercedes is cheaper than the car which belongs to BMW. There are at least two cars, which are costlier than car S.
How many cars are costlier than the car which belongs to Ford?
Correct
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of the car R, which belongs to Ford can be either 18 or 24 lakhs.
Therefore, we can’t determine. Hence, option 5.
Incorrect
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of the car R, which belongs to Ford can be either 18 or 24 lakhs.
Therefore, we can’t determine. Hence, option 5.
Question 4 of 10
4. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
P, Q, R, S and T are five cars which belong to different companies viz., Ford, Skoda, Renault, BMW and Mercedes, not necessarily in the same order. Cost of all the cars is different viz., 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 (in lacs), again not necessarily in the same order.
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest. Q belongs to Skoda. Car R is cheaper than car P. S belongs to neither Ford nor Renault. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car that belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Car which belongs to Mercedes is cheaper than the car which belongs to BMW. There are at least two cars, which are costlier than car S.
What is the cost of the car which belongs to BMW?
Correct
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of the car which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Hence, option 4.
Incorrect
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest i.e. neither 42 lacs nor 18 lacs. Q belongs to Skoda. S belongs neither to Ford nor to Renault.
The initial arrangement according to the given information is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost (in lacs)
P
× Ford
×42
×18
Q
Skoda
R
S
× Ford, × Renault
T
x Mercedes
As, Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest then the cost of car P must be either 24, 30 or 36. Car R is cheaper than car P so the cost of car R cannot be 42 lacs and 36 lacs. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. It implies that T does not belong to Mercedes and the cost of car T cannot be 18 lacs. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Now, the cost of Renault must be equal to 42 lacs so that the cost of car Q and the car which belongs to Ford equal to 24 and 18 in any order. Now, the price of cars P, Q, R and S is not 42 lacs so price of T is 42 lacs and it must belong to Renault. Now, P does not belong to Ford so R must belong to Ford. Moreover, the cost of Mercedes is less than the cost of BMW so the cost of BMW must be 36 lacs and the cost Mercedes must be 30 lacs. Since, there are at least two cars, which are costlier than the car S. Therefore, cost of car S which belongs to Mercedes is 30 lacs and cost of car P which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Thus, the final arrangement is shown below,
Car
Company
Cost ( in lacs)
P
BMW
36
Q
Skoda
24/18
R
Ford
18/24
S
Mercedes
30
T
Renault
42
Cost of the car which belongs to BMW is 36 lacs.
Hence, option 4.
Question 5 of 10
5. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
P, Q, R, S and T are five cars which belong to different companies viz., Ford, Skoda, Renault, BMW and Mercedes, not necessarily in the same order. Cost of all the cars is different viz., 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42 (in lacs), again not necessarily in the same order.
Car P, which doesn’t belong to Ford, is neither the costliest nor the cheapest. Q belongs to Skoda. Car R is cheaper than car P. S belongs to neither Ford nor Renault. Car T is costlier than the car which belongs to Mercedes. The sum of the prices of car Q and the car that belongs to Ford is equal to the price of the car which belongs to Renault. Car which belongs to Mercedes is cheaper than the car which belongs to BMW. There are at least two cars, which are costlier than car S.
What is the sum of the prices of cars which belong to Mercedes and BMW?
Correct
Incorrect
Question 6 of 10
6. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
In a certain language,
‘Indian army is brave’ is coded as ‘re me fa do’
‘Indian citizen are intelligent’ is coded as ‘do la te so’
‘All brave army are violent’ is coded as ‘fa re ga la ne’
‘All Indian citizen’ is coded as ‘ga do so’
How is the word ‘citizen’ coded in the given language?
Correct
By decoding the given four sentences, we get
Words
Are
Indian
army
brave
is
all
citizen
intelligent
violent
Code
La
do
fa/re
re/fa
me
ga
so
te
ne
‘citizen’ is coded as ‘so’. Hence, option 4.
Incorrect
By decoding the given four sentences, we get
Words
Are
Indian
army
brave
is
all
citizen
intelligent
violent
Code
La
do
fa/re
re/fa
me
ga
so
te
ne
‘citizen’ is coded as ‘so’. Hence, option 4.
Question 7 of 10
7. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
In a certain language,
‘Indian army is brave’ is coded as ‘re me fa do’
‘Indian citizen are intelligent’ is coded as ‘do la te so’
‘All brave army are violent’ is coded as ‘fa re ga la ne’
‘All Indian citizen’ is coded as ‘ga do so’
Which of the following word is coded as ‘fa’ in the given language?
Correct
Incorrect
Question 8 of 10
8. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
In a certain language,
‘Indian army is brave’ is coded as ‘re me fa do’
‘Indian citizen are intelligent’ is coded as ‘do la te so’
‘All brave army are violent’ is coded as ‘fa re ga la ne’
‘All Indian citizen’ is coded as ‘ga do so’
How is the word ‘violent’ coded in the given language?
Correct
By decoding the given four sentences, we get
Words
Are
Indian
army
brave
is
all
citizen
intelligent
violent
Code
La
do
fa/re
re/fa
me
ga
so
te
ne
“violent’ is coded as ‘ne’.
Hence, option 4.
Incorrect
By decoding the given four sentences, we get
Words
Are
Indian
army
brave
is
all
citizen
intelligent
violent
Code
La
do
fa/re
re/fa
me
ga
so
te
ne
“violent’ is coded as ‘ne’.
Hence, option 4.
Question 9 of 10
9. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
These questions are based on the five words given below:
JACKY QUICK JUMPS QUIRK JERKY
(Note: The word formed after performing the given operations may or may not be a meaningful English word.)
If all the alphabets of the word are arranged in alphabetical order from left to right within the word and then the words are then arranged as per reverse alphabetical order from right to left, which of the given words will yield the word in the middle of the row?
Correct
Given words:
JACKY QUICK JUMPS QUIRK JERKY
On rearrangement, we get-
Step I: ACJKY CIKQU JMPSU IKQRU EJKRY
Step II: ACJKY CIKQU EJKRY IKQRU JMPSU
Hence, option 4.
Incorrect
Given words:
JACKY QUICK JUMPS QUIRK JERKY
On rearrangement, we get-
Step I: ACJKY CIKQU JMPSU IKQRU EJKRY
Step II: ACJKY CIKQU EJKRY IKQRU JMPSU
Hence, option 4.
Question 10 of 10
10. Question
Directions: Answer the questions based on the information given below.
These questions are based on the five words given below:
JACKY QUICK JUMPS QUIRK JERKY
(Note: The word formed after performing the given operations may or may not be a meaningful English word.)
If all the letters in each of the words are replaced by their immediate next letters in the alphabetical series, how many words thus formed will contain at least two vowels?